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You are here: Home / About us / Events / CIRI seminar: Dr. Damien Arnoult

CIRI seminar: Dr. Damien Arnoult

When Jan 10, 2022
from 10:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Where Salle des Thèses
Contact Name

"The eIF2α kinase HRI in innate immunity, proteostasis, and mitochondrial stress"

The integrated stress response (ISR) is an evolutionary conserved stress response pathway that leads to a global arrest in translation as well as to the expression of specific genes, such as the transcription factor ATF4, to promote cellular recovery. The central nexus of this pathway is the phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) by one of the four eIF2α kinases that sense specific cellular stressors. The heme-regulated inhibitor (HRI) is one of these kinases, and it was initially reported to be activated in response to heme deprivation. Nevertheless, further studies have established that cytosolic proteotoxicity, resulting from oxidative or osmotic stress, heat shock, and proteasome inhibition, is the predominant trigger for HRI to induce the ISR. I will present newly identified functions of HRI in innate immunity, proteostasis, and mitochondrial stress. Indeed, HRI-mediated signaling defines a novel cytosolic unfolded protein response (cUPR) required for the proper formation of some innate immune signalosomes and the control of toxic protein aggregates, and this eIF2α kinase also serves as a relay for mitonuclear communication after a mitochondrial stress.

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